Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis. It is a major phytocannabinoid, accounting for up to 40% of the plant's extract. CBD is considered to have a wide scope of potential medical applications - due to clinical reports showing the lack of side effects, particularly a lack of psychoactivity (as is typically associated with ∆9-THC), and non-interference with several psychomotor learning and psychological functions. (Wikipedia)
Early studies indicate that cannabinoids found in the hemp plant act on the cells' receptors that repress the release of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. Cannabinoids may also help to support the endocannabinoid systems (ECS) in our bodies - a vast receptor system that helps support homeostasis and health.
Research also suggests that cannabinoids typically work together rather than as isolated molecules. This is known as the entourage effect, and some studies suggest it may increase product efficacy.
Often overlooked in relation to the more prevalent cannabinoids, terpenes may offer substantial medicinal value as they appear to mediate our body's interactions with cannabinoids.
"Terpenes are natural compounds found in several organisms belonging to the animal and plant kingdoms. They constitute the largest class of natural products with > 55,000 known compounds structurally diversified. Several studies have attributed to this big family of compounds a range of pharmacological properties, such as anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antihyperglycemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antiparasitic." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24387185
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